The Human Rights Committee, which monitors compliance with the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), is set to scrutinize Canada regarding its extraterritorial human rights obligations under the Covenant. Canada will appear before the Committee in July 2015 for its periodic review. In preparation for this, the Global Initiative for Economic, Social and Cultural Rights presented a Parallel Report laying out the extraterritorial obligations under the ICCPR and requesting that the Committee include scrutiny on those obligations within the review.
The List of Issues recently adopted by the Committee, which defines the scope of review, requires Canada to “inform the Committee of any measures taken or envisaged to monitor the human rights conduct of Canadian oil, mining, and gas companies operating abroad” and to “also inform what the available legal venues are in the State party for victims of human rights abuses arising from overseas operations of Canadian extractive firms.”
As the GI-ESCR Parallel Report makes clear, the jurisprudence of the Committee provides a clear articulation of the extraterritorial application of ICCPR obligations, including the legal obligation to regulate Canadian corporations to ensure that they do not violate human rights abroad, and the legal obligation to provide access to justice in the event of such violations.
Read the Global Initiative’s Parallel Report regarding the List of Issues in our library.
The List of Issues can be found here.